|Philippe Aghion||Harvard||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Franklin Allen||Imperial College London||Agree||8||
Trump's election has put off many creative people who might otherwise be interested in moving to the US.
|Pol Antras||Harvard||Strongly Agree||8||
The role of immigrants in U.S. innovation has been and continues to be very important. A decline in immigration will harm U.S. innovation.
|Timothy J. Besley||LSE||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Olivier Blanchard||Peterson Institute||Agree||4||Bio/Vote History|
Blocking Iranians has been very costly for Silicon Valley - there are many Iranian scientists, engineers and VC funders.
-see background information here
|Richard William Blundell||University College London||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Agnès Bénassy-Quéré||Paris School of Economics||Agree||6||Bio/Vote History|
|Elena Carletti||Bocconi||No Opinion||Bio/Vote History|
|Jean-Pierre Danthine||Paris School of Economics||Agree||3||Bio/Vote History|
|Paul De Grauwe||LSE||Agree||8||Bio/Vote History|
|Jan Eeckhout||University College London||Agree||7||
Migration is disproportionately by high and low skilled, less by middle skilled. Less entry of high skilled might stifle innovation.
|Ernst Fehr||Universität Zurich||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Xavier Freixas||Universitat Pompeu Fabra||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln||Goethe-Universität Frankfurt||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Jordi Galí||Universitat Pompeu Fabra||No Opinion||Bio/Vote History|
|Luis Garicano||LSE||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
on average really motivated people will still be able to get there
|Rachel Griffith||University of Manchester||Agree||6||Bio/Vote History|
|Veronica Guerrieri||Chicago Booth||Agree||6||Bio/Vote History|
|Luigi Guiso||Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance||Strongly Agree||10||
empirical evidence shows that immigrants are among the most successful US entrepreneurs
|Patrick Honohan||Trinity College Dublin||Agree||3||Bio/Vote History|
|Henrik Kleven||Princeton||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Jan Pieter Krahnen||Goethe University Frankfurt||Agree||7||
I know a few excellent students who in earlier years would have applied for a top US school, and who now prefer to stay in Europe.
|Per Krusell||Stockholm University||Strongly Agree||5||
President Trump is broadly disliked by highly educated people abroad and my GUESS is that these people think twice before moving to the U.S.
|Botond Kőszegi||Central European University||No Opinion||Bio/Vote History|
|Eliana La Ferrara||Bocconi||Agree||5||Bio/Vote History|
|Christian Leuz||Chicago Booth||Agree||7||
Will have neg impact on US human capital, which has tight link to innovation. Magnitude less clear. Impact seen in applications for MBA prgs
|Costas Meghir||Yale||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
Hostility to immigrants deters newcomers. Mainland European and Asian countries are seeking to benefit from this.
Trump's America is not appealing. On the other hand whether you want to go there or not depends on what your alternative is. Which varies.
|Marco Pagano||Università di Napoli Federico II||Strongly Agree||6||Bio/Vote History|
|Lubos Pastor||Chicago Booth||Agree||5||Bio/Vote History|
|Torsten Persson||Stockholm University||Agree||8||Bio/Vote History|
|Christopher Pissarides||LSE||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Richard Portes||London Business School||Agree||8||Bio/Vote History|
|Canice Prendergast||Chicago Booth||Agree||8||Bio/Vote History|
|Lucrezia Reichlin||London Business School||Strongly Disagree||9||Bio/Vote History|
|Rafael Repullo||CEMFI||Agree||8||Bio/Vote History|
|Hélène Rey||London Business School||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Antoinette Schoar||MIT||Strongly Agree||9||
William Kerr, U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, NBER Working Paper No. 19337
|John Van Reenen||MIT||Strongly Agree||7||Bio/Vote History|
|John Vickers||Oxford||Agree||5||Bio/Vote History|
|Hans-Joachim Voth||University of Zurich||Strongly Agree||9||Bio/Vote History|
|Beatrice Weder di Mauro||Gutenberg University Mainz and INSEAD||Strongly Agree||8||
Many students and researchers are no longer interested in going to the US
|Karl Whelan||University College Dublin||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Charles Wyplosz||The Graduate Institute Geneva||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
|Fabrizio Zilibotti||Universität Zurich||Did Not Answer||Bio/Vote History|
This panel explores the views of European economists on vital public policy issues. It does this by polling them on important policy questions, by including a way for them to explain their answers briefly if they wish, and by disseminating these responses directly to the public in a simple format.
To that end, our panel was chosen to include distinguished experts with a keen interest in public policy from the main areas of economics, to be geographically diverse, and to include older and younger scholars. As with the IGM’s US panel, the experts are all outstanding researchers in their fields. The panel includes recipients of top national and international prizes in economics, fellows of the Econometric society and the European Economic Association, members of distinguished national and international policymaking bodies in Europe, recipients of significant grants for economic research, highly accomplished affiliates and program directors of the Centre for Economic Policy Research and the National Bureau of Economic Research, and past and current editors of leading academic journals in the profession. This approach not only provides a set of panelists whose names will be familiar to other economists and the media, but also delivers a group with impeccable qualifications to speak on public policy matters in Europe and beyond.
Questions for the European IGM Economic Experts Panel are emailed individually to all members of the panel. They are phrased as statements with which one can agree or disagree. The experts are also asked how confident they are in their knowledge of the issue associated with the question (10 being highest). Each panelist responds electronically at his or her convenience. Panelists may consult whatever resources they like before answering. They may also include brief comments with their responses, or provide links to relevant sources.
It is important to explain one aspect of our voting process. In some instances a panelist may neither agree nor disagree with a statement, and there can be two very different reasons for this. One case occurs when an economist knows a lot about a topic and yet sees the evidence on the exact claim at hand as ambiguous. In such cases our panelists vote "uncertain". A second case relates to statements on topics so far removed from the economist's knowledge that he or she does not feel well placed to judge. In this case, our panelists vote "no opinion".
Panelists suggest many of the questions themselves. Members of the public are also welcome to suggest questions (see link below). Although IGM faculty members are responsible for deciding the final version of each question, we send a draft of the question to the panel in advance and invite them to point out problems with the wording if they see any. This process helps us to reduce vagueness or problems of interpretation.
The panel data are copyrighted by the Initiative on Global Markets and will be analyzed for an article to appear in a peer-reviewed journal.