Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  6 
Lots evidence: It's not quantity; price is main&biggest factor; only Q is whether care intensity (the other big driver) is quality or price.
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Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  7 
Will have neg impact on US human capital, which has tight link to innovation. Magnitude less clear. Impact seen in applications for MBA prgs

Agree  7 
Holding other policies fixed, the average European would be better off if every European country taxed corporate profits at a rate of 20% (based as closely as possible on a common definition of profits).
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
Weakly agree but case in EU not clear cut (see link). Only effective if base harmonized too. Tricky Q as ctries like IRE need big adjustment
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Disagree  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Disagree  3 
Benefits are uncertain & concerns about effect on inequality, esp if policies are fixed & govnmts cannot compensate for inequality effects
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Strongly Disagree  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  5 
In short run, evidence suggests negative effects likely bc supply of qualified women is not yet large enough. Not much evidence on longrun.
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Uncertain  5 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  3 
Even if effects on firm value were negative, could still make sense for society to do it. But GE & long run effects are very hard to judge.

Uncertain  5 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Disagree  5 
CO2 tax better than either one; Subs require govmnt to pick energy source & hard to justify unless spur innovation w/ large spillovers.

Disagree  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Disagree  3 
Wide range of estimates&benefits abroad; FiT&output sub often expensive; wind did better. Maybe offsetting benefits w/ energy independence
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Disagree  5 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  3 
Subs spurred tech dev & adoption that w’d not have occurred as quickly; also evidence of tech spillovers but size unclear yet crucial to Q.
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Uncertain  5 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
Tend to agree, but depends on setting & details. Often traditional models can be extended to explain as well. Point is not always to predict

Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  2 
Agree for migrants,esp w/ low birth rate as DE. Less clear w/ large ref influx. Key is quick right to work&access to education. DE too rigid
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Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  4 
History&prior evidence disagree. Some job polarization&lots of complementarity. Could AI&robots be different? Yes, but so far very uncertain
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Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  4 
Assuming firms generally make tech investments when NPV positive, gains should be large enough. But not clear that the transfers take place.

Agree  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Disagree  7 
Uber is more than info society service as it sets price&driver pay, so treating as transport w/minimum quality reg makes sense.

Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  9 
Classic concerns about open entry mitigated with online platforms. Not letting them compete on equal footing likely violates EU law.
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Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  7 
Entry regulation mostly harmful. But there clearly is a case for (minimum) quality regulation, though some quality competition can be good.

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  3 
Unclear as UE protection can also spur firmspecific invt & more lab flex brings in less prod wrkrs; FR prod already among highest in world

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  4 
Ambig evidence & theory bc opposite effect on turnover & duration; likely composition effect (CDD to CDI), which could be good for young

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
QE likely helped w/ deflationary pressures but by how much is unclear. There are also negative effects that question sets aside.

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  2 
Perhaps one could make a case for an extension of the program (in case of a shock) but I am skeptical about further expansion.

Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Strongly Agree  9 
Lots of evidence. Few people consistently earn riskadj. ret > index ret. And even then, much might be compensation for time & effort.
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Strongly Agree  9 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  6  Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
If benefits defined as pc GDP, not so clear if defined broader. Likely unpopular so indexing is option. Consider alternatives as well.

Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  6 
Substantial agglomeration benefits in cities (Krugman, 1991); applies esp. to financial services and skilled labor

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  6 
Not clear that significantly so; depending on dimension of labor law, NL, IE, DE, CH can be close. And, less flex can be good for innovation
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Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  7 
Helps in shortrun but not clear in longrun w/o other reforms, as issue is also profitability & bank density; can increase sovereign risks

Agree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  8 
Bending BRRD would create bad political incentives & undermine EU rules but excluding missold retail would not have same moral hazard effect

Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Strongly Agree  8 
During transition in those economies, we also saw productivity gains for stateowned firms but gains for privatized firms were much larger.
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Strongly Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  7 
Especially when considering that many western European countries have low birth rates and aging populations.

Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  6 
Native wages for lowestskilled decrease, but also depends on relative skills of migrants to lowskilled natives
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Disagree  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Strongly Agree  8 
Especially in the long run.

Strongly Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  7 
Benefit from lower prices but neg. employment effects; net effect depends on horizon & transfers. Bigger effect for them is technology
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Disagree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  6 
Congestion pricing is like pricing externalities. But welfare effects are not entirely obvious.
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Strongly Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Uncertain  3 
Can be local benefits but unclear politicians offer tax incentives only when net beneficial locally. Governmental agency problems get in way
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Uncertain  6 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Disagree  2 
Zero sum unless companies would otherwise leave EU. Inefficient but it can help when tax rates are too high due to political economy reasons

Disagree  7 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
Trade barriers and uncertainty are negative. But much will depend on terms of exit and when it will be triggered.

Agree  8 
Vote  Confidence  Comments  Median Survey Vote  Median Survey Confidence 

Agree  3 
EU larger than UK, so impact likely smaller but same caveat as in first part. Also, EU lost force for more open and flexible markets.

Agree  7 